While Shelley exemplifies a disastrous effect of unmitigated desire to possess the secrets of the earth, she employs a subtext filled with contradictory language, which implies that such curiosity is innate to mankind and virtually inextricable from the human condition. Does science in Frankenstein go too far, or is it only natural curiosity?
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The Norton Edition is extremely accurate and contains essays, critiques and helpful notes. Shelley uses nature as a restorative agent for Victor Frankenstein.
While he seems to be overcome with grief by the murders of his friends and family, he repeatedly shuns humanity and seeks nature for health, relaxation and to strengthen his spirits. I feel pleasure in dwelling on the recollections of childhood, before misfortune had tainted my mind, and changed its bright visions of extensive usefulness into gloomy and narrow reflections upon self.
I find it arise, like a mountain river, from ignoble and almost forgotten sources; but swelling as it proceeded, it became the torrent which, in its course, has swept away all my hopes and joys. The introduction of an association of nature and human feeling, even in this early chapter, shows how Shelley prefers to use metaphor of a natural setting rather than other descriptions.
As Frankenstein progresses, Victor takes sustenance from nature, and it becomes his personal therapy when he undergoes torment or stress. By chapter five of the first volume, Shelley creates a connection between Victor and nature.
Instead of describing his moods with metaphor, as in earlier images, she describes his recovery from grave illness through his affinity with nature. Although nursed by his closest friends, it is the breathing of the air that finally gives him strength: We passed a fortnight in these perambulations: Shelley, 43 The air is not simply necessary for life; Victor is so taken with it that he actually gains strength from it that he had not had before.
The use of the word salubrious, meaning "to bring health," reinforces an intention to promote air, and through corollary, nature, as a restorative agent. Throughout Frankenstein, it is nature, not other people which keep Victor healthy enough to continue living a relatively sane life.
The concept of nature as therapy was most likely not new to Shelley, having probably read the writings of Coleridge, Wordsworth, and of course, her husband, Percy. In Tintern Abbey, nature is also used as a restorative agent for the speaker of the poem: She may have been influenced by the theme in Tintern Abbey of nature as a restorative, or she may have been influenced by other romantic poetry that she had read, since nature itself was a major theme of the romantic period.
It may also be a simple parallel feeling that she discovered for herself, but it is likely that she has some outside influence. His condition is so terrible that he cannot find solace in his friend Henry, and while he hurries off to his family in Geneva, it is nature which heals him and allows him to maintain his sanity: I remained two days at Lausanne, in this painful state of mind.
I contemplated the lake: By degrees the calm and heavenly scene restored me, and I continued my journey towards Geneva. The road ran by the side of the lake, which became narrower as I approached my native town. I discovered more distinctly the black sides of Jura, and the bright summit of Mont Blanc.
I wept like a child: My own beautiful lake! How do you welcome your wanderer? Your summits are clear; the sky and lake are blue and placid. Is this to prognosticate peace or to mock at my unhappiness?Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein uses many elements of both Gothic literature and Romantic literature.
Being written in the novel was placed well in the romantic era. Being written in the novel was placed well in the romantic era. Despite this apparent difference, Mary Shelley was deeply influenced by the romantics, and the reader of Frankenstein can certainly identify a number of characteristics of romanticism in this novel.
Some critics have argued that Frankenstein is actually more sophisticated than the prose of other romantic writers, as this novel “initiates a rethinking of romantic rhetoric" (Guyer 77).
Romanticism and Nature in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Essay - Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is a gothic science fiction novel written in the romantic era that focuses on the elements of life.
The romantic era was sparked by the changing social environment, including the industrial revolution. Mary Shelley lived among the practitioners of these concepts and used many of these principles in her novel Frankenstein.
The monster is a Romantic hero because of the rejection he . - Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, to this day is one of the most important and largest books in the genre that is Romanticism.
Romanticism itself, is made up of multiple elements such as these; Supernatural, emotion, imagination, nature, social progression, endless potential, and spiritual growth.
Mary Shelley makes full use of themes that were popular during the time she wrote Frankenstein. She is concerned with the use of knowledge for good or evil purposes, the invasion of technology into modern life, the treatment of the poor or uneducated, and the restorative powers of .