Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library Adjusted Compensation certificates, or bonuses, had been voted by Congress in but were not scheduled for full payment until Waters, managed to maintain order and to oust agitators.
Background[ edit ] Members of the Bonus Army camped out on the lawn of the U. Capitol building The practice of war-time military bonuses began inas payment for the difference between what a soldier earned and what he could have earned had he not enlisted. The practice derived from British legislation passed in the —93 session of Parliament to provide medical care and maintenance for disabled veterans and bonuses for serving soldiers.
Similar legislation for disabled veterans later only progressively passed by the North American colonies, beginning with Virginia in Two years later, hundreds of Pennsylvania war veterans marched on Philadelphiathen the nation's capital, surrounded the State House, where the U.
Congress was in session, and demanded back pay. Congress fled to Princeton, New Jerseyand several weeks later, the U. Army expelled the The bonus army veterans from Philadelphia.
Considerable pressure was applied to expand benefits to match the British system for serving soldiers and sailors but had little support from the colonial government until mass desertions at the Battle of Valley Forge that threatened the existence of the Continental Army led George Washington to become a strong advocate.
Congress progressively passed legislation from covering pensions and bonuses, eventually extending eligibility to widows in The American Legioncreated inled a political movement for an additional bonus. All other amounts were issued as Certificates of Service maturing in 20 years.
Meanwhile, veterans could borrow up to Approximately 10, veterans, women and children lived in the shelters that they built from materials dragged out of a junk pile nearby, which included old lumber, packing boxes, and scrap tin covered with roofs of thatched straw.
To live in the camps, veterans were required to register and to prove they had been honorably discharged. Glassfordworked with camp leaders to maintain order. Capitol on June 17 as the U. Senate voted on the Bonus Bill. The bill was defeated by a vote of 62— Towards the late afternoon, cavalry, infantry, tanks and machine guns pushed the "Bonusers" out of Washington.
The troops injured more than one hundred marchers in the process. Louis, Missouriand joined the army. After the war, he lived in Chicago. He fought in the trenches of France in World War I. Commissioners ordered Glassford to clear their buildings, rather than letting them drift away as he had recommended.
An Army intelligence report said that the BEF intended to occupy the Capitol permanently and instigate fighting which would be a signal for Communist uprisings in all major cities. At least part of the Marine Corps garrison in Washington would side with the revolutionaries; hence Marine units eight blocks from the Capitol were never called upon the report of July 5, by Conrad H.
Lanza in upstate New York was not declassified until The Bonus Army Printer Friendly Version >>> In , a grateful Congress voted to give a bonus to World War I veterans - $ for each day served overseas, $ for each day served in the States.
Officials released new guidance Tuesday on the Army's Selective Retention Bonus Program, which includes first-ever bonuses up to $52, for those who reenlist for critical Security Forces. In World War I veterans seeking a bonus promised by Congress were attacked and driven out of Washington, D.C., by troops of the U.S.
Army under the command of Douglas MacArthur, Dwight D. Eisenhower and George Patton. "The Bonus Army Invades Washington, D.C., ," EyeWitness to History, vetconnexx.com ().
The eccentric Evalyn Walsh McLean was the owner of the Hope Diamond from until her death in William Hushka was nominated for deletion.
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