Samuel Adams was one of the fiercest supporters of American liberty in the 13 colonies. He wanted to protect the colonies from the evils of the British Empire and move toward a more simple American life. Adams was a very skilled political organizer, which helped the colonies.
Visit Website He married the following year, to Elizabeth Checkley. The couple had six children, but only two lived to adulthood. He and his second wife, Elizabeth Wells, had no children.
Rising through the ranks of local Boston politics, inAdams was elected as a tax collector. However, his failure and refusal to collect taxes from some of his fellow citizens left him liable for the due payments.
Friends eventually helped him pay off some of the debts. Already, he was showing the strong sense of character that drew people to both him and his ideas. The Sugar Act was an attempt to protect the British trade in sugar and molasses by curtailing illegal importation, which affected the revenue that was needed to pay for the French and Indian War.
The Sugar Act only impacted a few colonies, but Massachusetts was one of them. Adams brought heightened attention to the act by leading local opposition to it. Stamp Act The following year, the Stamp Act was passed. This was a more direct tax that impacted the everyday life of nearly every colonist, slapping a levy on everything from newspapers and legal documents to playing cards and school diplomas.
The Stamp Act was deeply unpopular across the colonies. Adams and other Boston-based patriots, including a radical, secretive group known as the Loyal Nine — a precursor to the Sons of Liberty — organized direct action, leading to the Stamp Act Riots.
The British Parliament repealed the act the following year. During this period, Adams was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representativeswhere he worked alongside John Hancock and others.
InBritain passed the Townshend Acts also known as the Coercive Actsa series of measures that taxed imported goods. Adams again led the opposition, working on a direct appeal to King George IIIwhich became known as the Massachusetts Circular Letter, and calling for the removal of the Massachusetts colonial governor.
With unrest in Boston growing, including physical attacks on tax collectors, British troops were sent to the city to quell dissent.
Adams once again used this to his advantage, publicizing any misdeeds by the new occupying troops, including the notorious Boston Massacre of Joseph Warren were among those who created a new Committee of Correspondence. The group was designed to foster communication between patriots throughout Massachusetts.
The idea quickly spread, and within months similar committees were established throughout the 13 colonies, uniting colonial resistance leaders for the first time. While Adams himself did not participate in the legendary Boston Tea Partyhe likely was one of the driving forces behind it.
Following the repeal of the Townshend Acts, Britain announced plans for a new tax. Like the Sugar Act, the new Tea Act aimed to raise revenue and prevent the smuggling of non-English tea into the colonies.
But on the night of December 16,members of the Sons of Liberty boarded the ships, tossing the tea overboard. Moving Towards Revolution In response to the Boston Tea Party, Britain passed the Intolerable Acts, which closed the port of Boston and required all colonists to provide accommodation for British troops.
Once again, Adams led the opposition in Massachusetts. Adams called for independence, and the Congress agreed to boycott British goods until the repeal of the Intolerable Acts.
Back in Massachusetts where he was serving in the House of Representatives and beginning to arm a military, Adams and Hancock fled from Boston to the safety of nearby Concord. Adams returned to the Continental Congress, where he and cousin John continued to call for independence. Both signed the Declaration of Independenceissued in July He returned to Boston and helped pass the Massachusetts constitution.
As Americans began to divide themselves along party lines, Adams aligned himself with the Whig Partyinstead of the Federalist Party led by John Adams. He was elected lieutenant governor, under John Hancock, inand became governor in He retired due to ill health inand died on October 2,aged Samuel Adams, (born September 27 [September 16, Old Style], , Boston, Massachusetts [U.S.]—died October 2, , Boston), politician of the American Revolution, leader of the Massachusetts “radicals,” who was a delegate to the Continental Congress (–81) and .
Looking back, Adams called his defense of British soldiers in "one of the most gallant, generous, manly, and disinterested actions of my whole life, and one of the best pieces of service I. Samuel Adams: The History Samuel Adams was born on September 27, in Boston Massachusetts to Samuel Adams Sr.
and Mary Adams. His parents were devout puritans, and his father was an active. After the war, Samuel Adams used his revolutionary credentials to secure positions in the new government. He served a term as senator in the s and as governor in the s, but he was no longer the commanding figure he had once been.
He led a quiet life until his death at age Watch video · Adams died on October 2, , in Boston. Early Life. Samuel Adams was born on September 27, , in Boston, vetconnexx.com: Sep 27, The Importance of Samuel Pepys Diary Imagine witnessing one of the most defining points in the history of England and living to speak of it, Samuel Pepys did just that.
Samuel Pepys kept a diary while major events in history went on throughout his life.