A Crash Course This brief chapter was written at the suggestion of some instructors. These instructors felt that although their students already had completed one semester of a composition course—Literature for Composition was assigned as the text for the second semester of a two-semester sequence—and probably had retained the rhetoric or handbook that had been assigned for the first semester, the stu- dents nevertheless would profit from what in effect was a review of what they had learned in the first semester.
The following list has a few likely substitutions.
If you teach other elements of fiction e. First person narrator removed from action: This form solicits each student's opinion about his or her reactions to the book. The editors read and save each completed questionnaire they receive. These candid student responses often help improve the anthology from edition to edition.
These student responses are interesting in their own right, but they also add perspective on what really happens in the classroom.
The stories students prefer often differ sharply from those that instructors rate most highly. Instructors can learn a great deal by remembering how younger readers find certain selections both exciting and illuminating that may seem overly familiar to seasoned teachers.
Here are the top ten stories from previous editions chosen by a large sample of students over the past four years. Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis 3.
Kafka's The Metamorphosis polarizes students not necessarily a bad thing. It not only ranks second among student favorites, it is the overwhelming first choice among stories students dislike.
Rider Haggard's novel of farfetched adventure, She Such detail, we think, bespeaks a tall-tale-teller of genius.
For this citation, we thank T. When you introduce students to the tale as a literary form, you might point out that even in this age of electronic entertainment, a few tales still circulate from mouth to ear.
Ask them whether they have heard any good tales lately other than dirty jokes. This tale reportedly has been circulated in Israel: Two Israeli agents, captured in an Arab country, are tied to stakes to be shot. While the firing squad stands in readiness, the Arab commander asks one of the captured men if he has any last request.
For answer, the captive spits in the commander's face. From the other captive comes a wail: Students may be asked to recall other fables they know. At least, the fable of the hare and the tortoise should be familiar to any watcher of old Bugs Bunny cartoons.
That is the main reason for including it in this chapter not to mention its intrinsic merits! In its world, God, the Devil, and Death walk the highway.
If students can be shown these differences, then probably they will be able to distinguish most tales from most short stories. On page 20, you will find some ways in which this tale is stronger for having an omniscient narrator.
If you go on to deal with symbolism, you may wish to come back to this tale for a few illustrations of wonderful, suggestive properties: This is a grim tale even for Grimm: In a fairy tale it is usually dangerous to defy some arbitrary law; and in doing so here the doctor breaks a binding contract.
From the opening, we know the contract will be an evil one--by the father's initial foolishness in spurning God. Besides, the doctor is a thirteenth child--an unlucky one. Farrar,where a fine drawing by Maurice Sendak accompanies it.
Parables are important literary genres in traditional societies. They reflect a cultural aesthetic that appreciates the power of literary artistry while putting it to the use of illustrating moral and religious ideas. Clarity is a key virtue in a parable or moral fable.
Its purpose is not merely to entertain but also to instruct. Chuang Tzu's celebrated parable suggests the uneasy relationship between philosophy and power in ancient China.
It was not necessarily a safe gesture to decline the public invitation of a king, and the refusal of employment could be construed as an insult or censure. Chuang understands that the only safe way to turn down a monarch is with wit and charm. He makes his moral point, but with self-deprecating humor.Free, OnlineAn Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce-An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce Bierce employs powerful imagery, foreshadowing.
characterization and arrangement to create suspenseSparkNotes: An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge: Plot Overview-A short summary of Ambrose Bierce's An Occurrence at Owl Creek. Flannery O’Connor on Writing, The Element of Suspense in “A Good Man Is Hard to Find.” Flannery O’Connor on Writing, The Serious Writer and the Tired Reader.
How One Story Illuminates Another. Stories for Further Reading. Civil Peace, Chinua Achebe. An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, Ambrose Bierce.
A superbly-crafted dramatization of Nobel Prize-winning author William Faulkner's first nationally published short story, this is the tale of an indomitable Southern woman who clutched the past so resolutely that life itself is denied.
We have The Masque of the Red by Death, The Black Cat, The Cask of Amontillado, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Tell-Tale Hearth, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, The Monkey’s Paw, A Rose for Emily, and + more.
In literature, authors use tone to show the attitude of the narrator towards a subject, and often it adds to the story as a whole. This is the case with 'The Boarded Window' by Ambrose Bierce.
“An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge”, Farquhar learns about the recent repairs at Owl Creek bridge from a Yankee scout In “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge”, after the board is kicked out from under him, Farquhar experiences.