Articles of the Texas Constitution of [ edit ] Article 1: The article originally contained 29 sections; four sections have since been added. The provisions of the Texas Constitution apply only against the government of Texas. However, a number of the provisions of the U.
ADA Text Version As the basic law outlining the primary structure and functions of a government, constitutions invariably reflect history and culture, and state constitutions are no exception. In Texas, history is reflected not only in the content of the constitution, but in the number of constitutions under which the state has been governed.
Texas was first governed by Spain, and then Mexico before becoming the independent Republic of Texas. After nine years as a nation, Texas became part of the United States, joining the Union as the 28th state.
After the war was ended and confederate states were permitted to rejoin the Union, Texas once again became part of the United States. With each of these changes, Texas adopted a new constitution.
Constitution of Coahuila y Tejas, Prior to its independence, Texas was governed as a part of Mexico under the Mexican Constitution of Established as a federal republic, each state could write its own constitution. Combined as a single state, Texas and Coahuila established a constitution in Under this constitution, legislative power was delegated to a unicameral legislature composed of twelve deputies, including two elected from Texas by popular vote.
The legislature met annually from January through April and could be called into special session. Executive power was vested in a governor and vice-governor, elected to four-year terms by popular vote.
The governor could recommend legislation, grant pardons, lead the state militia, and see that the laws were obeyed. Judicial authority was vested in state courts that oversaw minor criminal trials and civil cases. The courts could not interpret the law, and misdemeanor cases were tried by a judge without a jury.
Texans ignored two provisions, one that required Catholicism as the state religion and the other that did not recognize slavery. The Republic of Texas Constitution, Because of escalating tensions between Texas and Mexico, Texas declared its independence inestablished the Republic of Texas, and adopted a new constitution.
The Texas Constitution of lifted major portions from the U. The new charter was brief, composed of less than 6, words. Its features included separation of powers into three branches—legislative, executive, and judicial—with a system of checks and balances.
It created a bicameral legislature, with a House of Representatives and a Senate. Representatives and Senators served terms of one and three years, respectively.
The executive resembled the American president who was elected by popular vote. The judiciary was four-tiered, with justice, county, district, and supreme courts.
The constitution also recognized slavery, provided for male suffrage, contained a bill of rights, and excluded citizenship to African Americans and Native Americans.
Although the document did contain an amendment process, it was so complex that none were ever adopted. The State Constitution of When Texas ceased to be an independent republic and joined the United States, a new constitution was necessary. The Texas Constitution of was a document of broad, general principles that allowed state government the flexibility to solve policy problems as they arose.
It continued the tradition of a bicameral legislature, now meeting once every two years biennially.
Representatives served two-year terms while Senators were elected for four years. The attorney general and secretary of state were appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Senate. The governor could convene the legislature, was the commander-in-chief of the state militia, granted pardons and reprieves, and could veto legislation, which could be overridden by a two-thirds vote of both houses.
Judges to the supreme and district courts were appointed by the governor. Amendments required proposal by a two-thirds vote of both houses of the legislature and ratification by a majority popular vote. Only one amendment was approved by Texans. The Texas Constitution of also created a public school system and established the Permanent School Fund.
The Constitution of was also heavily influenced by Jacksonian Democracy, a political philosophy named for the democratization policies implemented by President Andrew Jackson during the s to s.Texas Constitutions is a project of the Tarlton Law Library, Jamail Center for Legal Research at the University of Texas School of Law, The University of Texas at Austin.
From a legal perspective, what distinguishes Texas from other states is its unique history as an entity—a state, a republic, a nation—and the documents that. The current Texas Constitution is the seventh constitution in Texas history. The previous six were the Constitution of the State of Coahuila and Tejas, the Constitution of the Republic of Texas, and different versions of the Constitution of Texas for the years: , , , and Texas Constitutional History ADA Text Version As the basic law outlining the primary structure and functions of a government, constitutions invariably reflect history and culture, and state constitutions are no exception.
The Texas Constitution is the basic governing document of the state of Texas.. The current Texas State Constitution took effect in It is the seventh constitution in the state's history and the fifth constitution since Texas achieved statehood. CONSTITUTION OF The Constitution of is the sixth constitution by which Texas has been governed since independence from Mexico was achieved in The Constitution of is the sixth constitution by which Texas has been governed since independence from Mexico was achieved in Texas is the leading crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the U.S.
In , it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state.