Origin of the Kurds "The land of Karda" is mentioned on a Sumerian clay-tablet dated to the 3rd millennium B. This land was inhabited by "the people of Su" who dwelt in the southern regions of Lake Van ; The philological connection between "Kurd" and "Karda" is uncertain but the relationship is considered possible.
Name[ edit ] There are different theories about the origin of name Kurd. He believed in a paper published in that the term Kurd was not used differently by different nations and by examining the philological variations of Karda in different languages, such as Cordueni, Gordyeni, Kordyoui, Karduchi, Kardueni, Qardu, Kardaye, Qardawaye, he finds that the similarities undoubtedly refer to a common descent.
This view is supported by some recent academic sources which have considered Corduene as proto-Kurdish region. KurmanjLurKalhor and Guraneach of which speak a different dialect or language variation.
Paul notes that the 16th-century usage of the term Kurd as recorded by Bidlisi, regardless of linguistic grouping, might still reflect an incipient Northwestern Iranian "Kurdish" ethnic identity uniting the Kurmanj, Kalhor, and Guran. Kurdish has in turn emerged as a group within Northwest Iranian during the Medieval Period roughly 10th to 16th centuries.
The most argued hypothesis on the localisation of the ethnic territory of the Kurds remains D. Mackenzie's theory, proposed in the early s.
Tedesco  and regarding the common phonetic isoglosses shared by Kurdish, Persianand BaluchiD. Mackenzie concluded that the speakers of these three languages form a unity within Northwestern Iranian. He has tried to reconstruct such a Persian-Kurdish-Baluchi linguistic unity presumably in the central parts of Iran.
According to his theory, the Persians or Proto-Persians occupied the province of Fars in the southwest proceeding from the fact that the Achaemenids spoke Persianthe Balochs Proto-Balochs inhabited the central areas of Western Iran, and the Kurds Proto-Kurdsin the wording of G.
Around this time, Kurds lived a partly sedentary life and raised sheep, goats and cattle in the regions of Beth Begash and Beth Kartewaye above Erbil in Adiabene.
InKurds joined the Khariji revolt near Hulwan. Inand again informidable insurrections occurred in northern Kurdistan; the amirAdud ad-Daula, was obliged to lead the forces of the caliphate against the southern Kurds, capturing the famous fortress of Sermaj, whose ruins are to be seen at the present day near Behistunand reducing the province of Shahrizor with its capital city now marked by the great mound of Yassin Teppeh.
Al-Dinawari —from Dinawar near Kermanshahlived in this period. There is no consensus regarding his ethnic background among scholars; some say he was Persian or Kurdish, while others indicate he was an Arab.
Narseh himself fled to the Byzantine territories and helped form the Kurdish contingent of Theophilus.
This Kurdish force invaded the domain of caliphate in to help Babak's rebellion. After the defeat of Babak, Narseh and his followers settled in Pontus north-central Anatolia.
The Shaddadids of Armenia and Arran, the Rawadids of Azerbaijan, the Marwandis of eastern Anatoliathe HasanwayhidsFadhilwayhids, and Ayyarids of the central Zagros are some of these Kurdish dynasties and principalities. In the second half of the 10th century there were five Kurdish principalities: Later in the 12th century, the Kurdish[ citation needed ] Hazaraspid dynasty established its rule in southern Zagros and Luristan and conquered territories of KuhgiluyaKhuzestan and Golpayegan in the 13th century and annexed ShushtarHoveizeh and Basra in the 14th century.
One of these dynasties would have been able, during the decades, to impose its supremacy on the others and build a state incorporating the whole Kurdish country if the course of history had not been disrupted by the massive invasions of tribes surging out of the steppes of Central Asia.
Having conquered Iran and imposed their yoke on the caliph of Baghdadthe Seljuq Turks annexed the Kurdish principalities one by one. AroundAhmad Sanjarthe last of the great Seljuq monarchs, created a province out of these lands and called it Kurdistan.
The province of Kurdistan, formed by Sanjar, had as its capital the village Bahar which means lake or seanear ancient Ecbatana Hamadan. It included the vilayets of Sinjar and Shahrazur to the west of the Zagros mountain range and those of Hamadan, Dinawar and Kermanshah to the east of this range.
Ayyubid dynasty The Middle East, c.
Saladin's empire and its vassals shown in red; territory taken from the Crusader states — shown in pink. Light green indicates Crusader territories surviving Saladin 's death.The area is often referred to as Kurdistan (home of the Kurds), but the Kurdish people do not have their own state.
The drive for independent nationhood is a key part of Kurdish history and identity. Jan 26, · A multimedia guide on the Kurds produced by the Council on Foreign Relations.
A report by the International Crisis Group and an article in the Atlantic on current challenges faced by the Kurds. Between 25 and 35 million Kurds inhabit a mountainous region straddling the borders of Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Iran and Armenia. They make up the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East, but.
Home › History › The Kurds: A Nation Without A State The Kurds: A Nation Without A State Introduction Of all the ethnic groups in the world, the Kurds are one of the largest that has no state . Kurdish history is deeply intertwined with the geography and the politics of the modern Kurdish regions.
Historic Ethnicities of Kurdistan The contiguous Kurdish regions of Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria sit in the north central area of the Middle East. The Kurds have a tale of Turkish woe that extends back into history much further.
Kurds have earned the unfortunate moniker of being the largest ethnic group in the world without a state. The national state of Kurdistan is split among Iraq, Syria, Iran and, of course, Turkey.